Proton Tutorial - DS18S20

DS18S20There are 3 digital temperature sensors, so be sure to get the correct one. There is the 1820, 18S20 and 18B20. The 18S20 is the successor to the 1820, and does not drift over time. The 18B20 does offer faster conversions, but for me, the 18S20 more more readily available, and suits my applications fine. Be aware that the 18B20 does require different methods of temperature conversion then that described in this manual for the 18S20.

The basic wiring diagram


Note the PIC's power supply/oscillator are not shown



Be sure to attach the pull-up resistor to the databus, this is a requirement of the Dallas 1-Wire system. This code communicates with the 18S20 with its 64 bit address, you can attach multiple units to the databus, but be sure that you know the 64 bit address so that the correct device is addressed. To ascertain what the device's 64 bit address is, see the 1 Wire introduction section. Be aware that the 64 bit address information is the inner 8 pieces of information in the serial commands, the first and last piece's of information are commands for the device addressed.

Proton Tutorial - DS18S20
Device 16F877
Declare LCD_TYPE ALPHA ' Type of LCD Used is Alpha
 Declare LCD_DTPIN PORTB.4 ' The control bits B0,B1,B2,B3
 Declare LCD_RSPIN PORTB.2 ' RS pin on B4
 Declare LCD_ENPIN PORTB.3 ' E pin on B5
Declare LCD_LINES 2 ' Amount of LCD lines
Declare LCD_INTERFACE 4 ' Interface method is 4 bit
SYMBOL DQ = Portb.0 'Place the DS1820 on bit 1 of PORTA
Dim Sign as Byte
Dim Cnt as Byte
Dim Count_Per_Deg as Byte
Dim Temp as Word
Dim Temp_Dec as Byte
Delayms 150 ' Let LCD warm up
' Send a command that creates the degree
Print $FE,$40,$06,$09,$09,$06,$00,$00,$00,$00 
' symbol on the LCD, to print it, simply address
' the character as 0, eg,
' Print At 1, 1, Value, 0, "Degrees"
'Send calculate temperature command
OWRITE DQ, 1,[$55,$10,$31,$C5,$C8,$00,$00,$00,$F4,$44] 
 ' FF I1 I2 I3 I4 I5 I6 CRC 
 ' FF - Family, Ix - Address bytes,
 ' CRC - checksum
 DELAYMS 25 ' Wait until conversion is complete
 OREAD DQ,4,[Cnt] ' Keep reading low pulses until
UNTIL Cnt <> 0 ' the DS1820 is finished
'Send read scratchpad command
OWRITE DQ,1,[$55,$10,$31,$C5,$C8,$00,$00,$00,$F4,$BE] 
 ' FF I1 I2 I3 I4 I5 I6 CRC
 ' FF - Family, Ix - Address bytes,
 ' CRC - checksum checksum
OREAD DQ,2,[Temp.LOWBYTE,Temp.HIGHBYTE,Cnt,Cnt,Cnt,Cnt,Cnt,Count_Per_Deg]
' Each Cnt is 1/16 of a degree, therefore 100/16 = 6.25, and that's our decimal value
Temp_Dec = (6.25 * Cnt) 
' Bits 8-15 are 1 for a negative temperature and 0 for a positive
If Temp.8=1 Then
 ' If negative then drop the first bit, and invert the value 
 Temp=(Temp.LowByte ^ $FF) >> 1 
 ' If Cnt = 0 then increment Temp, as the 1820 does not do this
 If Cnt = 0 then Temp = Temp + 1 
 ' Change the sign to a negative
 Sign = "-" 
 ' If positive then drop the first byte
 Temp=(Temp >> 1) 
 ' And change the sign value to positive 
 Sign = "+" 
 ' Invert the decimal value 
 Temp_Dec = 100 - Temp_Dec 
' Display the data on the LCD
Print At 1,1, Sign, Dec Temp, ".", Dec DIG Temp_Dec, 1, 0,"C "
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